CBD - Information
Introduction to CBD
The number of people using CBD products is growing at a very fast rate. It is in the news, almost every day, and there are now 1.6 million daily UK users, but where do you start? If you are on the lookout for a simple, step-by-step process to talk you through the world of CBD, then look no further.
CBD has a good safety profile with very low toxicology reports—all research conducted so far supports this. Whatever your reason for taking CBD, our CBD product ranges go through extensive batch testing to help you feel secure taking CBD.
What is CBD?
This is a question that people across the world have been asking, more and more, year-on-year. You may have heard it being described as a cannabinoid and cannabidiol, and confusingly, those are both correct.
The first and most important thing you need to know is that CBD is short for cannabidiol, a compound found in the cannabis plant. It is one of over one hundred different cannabinoids that have been identified so far, so-named because they were first discovered in cannabis. Cannabinoids have since been discovered in many other biological systems including our own, and we will cover that later.
Where CBD comes from
To understand what cannabinoids are, and why they matter, we first need to discuss CBD’s relationship with cannabis. Cannabis is actually the term for a whole family of plants, which are usually split into two distinct categories: Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica. These terms are, in turn, used as overarching titles for different strains.
Traditionally sativa refers to the tall European plants, and indica to the bushier, shrub-like Indian varieties. For our purposes there are two terms that have far more practical use:
- Hemp refers to strains of cannabis grown for industrial use. These applications include biofuel, rope, paper, and CBD.
- Marijuana refers to plants grown for recreational use. Therefore, marijuana is often used to refer to cannabis as a drug.
The second most prevalent cannabinoid is CBD. Research has continuously shown that CBD will not get you high and is proven to be safe for human use. CBD is typically found in high percentages in hemp, while there will be very little THC. All of our CBD products, from our CBD oils to our CBD topicals contain 0% THC.
The human body and cannabidiol
What is most significant is that CBD is very similar to chemicals your body already produces. These endocannabinoids (a cannabinoid the body produces internally) are part of a network of chemicals and receptors known as the endocannabinoid system.
The ECS acts as the body’s assistant manager, with receptors throughout most of the major organs, the nervous system, and the immune system. Essentially it ensures that the body is operating in a state of balance, known as homeostasis. This involves checking that everything is working between key parameters, such as temperature, metabolism, and pressure.
When we introduce CBD into the body, the ECS is its means of interacting with us. In fact, because it is so similar to other chemicals, CBD is able to integrate quite easily.
How do I take CBD?
CBD ingestion methods have a big impact on how it interacts with your body.
CBD and bioavailability
Have you ever considered why hospitals will generally administer drugs straight into your bloodstream? It is due to something known as bioavailability. Essentially, the bioavailability of any given chemical compound is the percentage of it that the body effectively uses. The higher the bioavailability, the more efficiently the compound has been utilised.
The main factor that affects bioavailability is how quick the compound’s path to the circulatory system is, hence why IV drips are typically an efficient method.
CBD Oral Sprays & CBD Oral Drops
One of the most popular and widely recognised methods of using CBD are CBD oils. This covers our CBD Oral Drops and our CBD Oral Spray, both of which are used to apply a CBD oil underneath your tongue. CBD oils are hemp extract blended with a carrier oil.
The reason for applying the CBD oil beneath the tongue (known as using it sublingually) is bioavailability. Rather than swallowing your CBD oils and sending it through the digestive system, let it soak into the blood vessels beneath the tongue for around 90 seconds. That way it gets into circulation much faster.
2. Drop/spray the oil under the tongue
3. Hold for 90 seconds until absorbed
The CBD will generally take around thirty minutes to be absorbed properly and take six hours to leave the bloodstream. This makes CBD oils a great way to dose if you only want to use CBD intermittently. You can take half your recommended dosage in the morning, and the other half in the evening.
When comparing oral CBD product options, it is worth considering the carrier oil. The MCT (coconut) oil in some of our CBD Oral Sprays helps mask the taste of the hemp for those who don’t like its earthy tones, while the hemp seed oil in some of our CBD Oral Drops works very well with CBD to provide a full-bodied hemp experience.
CBD Topicals (applied to the skin)
It is important to note that in some instances bioavailability is not the only factor to consider, largely due to the prevalence of the endocannabinoid system throughout the body. An example of this would be when looking at CBD topicals, such as moisturising creams and balms.
When applying a cream to your skin the bioavailability is greatly reduced since the compounds must first make their way through the epidermal layer. That means the amount of CBD that actually reaches your circulatory system is very low. However, if you are looking for a localised external release, then the CBD topical will still reach the endocannabinoid receptors in the skin.
Our CBD Skin Creams and CBD Muscle Balms contain a carefully curated blend of essential oils and skincare ingredients designed to support the hemp extract.
Since the bioavailability of CBD topicals is lower, which means that it is a slower release means of consuming CBD, CBD effects will take around an hour to be absorbed and last for about five hours. If you are looking to target a specific area of the body, then CBD topicals are a sensible option.
One of the most common forms of CBD are CBD edibles. You can find a large variety of ways to ingest CBD such as CBD coffee, CBD protein bars, CBD snacks. At Health Control we offer a CBD Vitamins range.
While research has shown that ingesting CBD through your stomach reduces its bioavailability, it does make tracking your dosage through the day much easier and is generally the quickest and easiest way of taking CBD.
With CBD edibles it will usually take at least an hour to be absorbed and roughly six hours to be processed. However, since the CBD first passes through the digestive system this can fluctuate depending on individual metabolism.
What is my CBD dosage?
Vitality CBD have surveyed their users and found that their most satisfied users are generally using 70mg a day. Vitality recommend that first-time users begin with a 1200mg oil, such as their CBD Oral Spray. By starting at a higher dose, you can then assess how CBD works best for you.
After a week of using 70mg a day, you have two options: if you are satisfied, try decreasing by 20mg a day, and if you are dissatisfied, increase by 20mg a day. By using your CBD consistently, and experimenting with your dosage, you are at least 76% more likely to have a satisfying CBD experience.
Using multiple CBD products
Some users also find that using multiple CBD products simultaneously best serves their needs. It is safe to use CBD Oral Drops and CBD Muscle Balm at the same time for example, or indeed any combination of CBD oils, so long as you keep your dose relatively consistent. Finding the right method is part of your fulfilling journey with CBD.
Is CBD safe?
CBD has been shown to be demonstrably safe, even at very high dosages. Case studies have been conducted with use upwards of 600mg a day.
The CBD product market is very new, which also means regulations are growing. We have chosen two CBD suppliers who are vetted and highly reputable.
As the UK market leaders in CBD Vitality are proud to provide the highest quality natural CBD products supported by a completely premium user experience. That means clear dosing and concise information.
A recent independent report by CBD Intel confirmed that Vitality are the most visible UK cannabidiol brand, available in over 4,000 stores nationally. Vitality provide batch reports, so if you ever want to know more about your specific product, let us know and we can request batch test reports for you.
An Irish-Owned company set up in 2012 to capitalise on the growing demand for ancient crops and grains – and create a sustainable future for people and the planet with hemp.
Under the Celtic Wind brand, they create a unique product range of CBD oils, capsules and skincare, using no herbicides, pesticides or fungicides. Just 100% natural Irish grown hemp that is safe, independently tested and analysed, and fully compliant.
Celtic Wind manage and control their entire supply chain – from seed to shelf. It is how they ensure full traceability for consumers and trade.